CONSTITUTION

 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF  ENGINEERING 
(MMA / HAE )

 

1. §. Legal status, seat, year of foundation

(1)    The name of the organization is: Magyar Mérnökakadémia  (hereinafter referred to as the MMA), in English : Hungarian Academy of Engineering (HAE).
        
(2)    HAE functions as a nation-wide social organization in accordance with currently valid laws for association *.
        
(3)    The HAE is independent of the political parties, it does not accept any support from them nor presents or supports any member of the parliament.

(4)    The seat of the HAE is in Budapest, its address is:
        H-1111. Budapest, Goldmann György tér 3. (Building V2, room 021).
        Postal adress: 1507.Budapest, Pf.149.
        
(5)    The year of foundation is 1990.

 

2. §. Objects and purposes of the HAE

(1)     HAE - as a full member of the Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS) - aims to foster international integration of creative engineering activities by establishing the constitutional framework and functioning conditions of an independent national engineering academy in the Hungarian Republic in such a way, which enables the organized cooperation with engineering academies of other countries, with the core of the Hungarian Government and local authorities, with Hungarian Scientific Associations, with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, with institutions of higher education and with research institutions.

(2)     Its further aims are to advance and promote the development of techniques and technology, and to support the activities of outstanding creative persons and working groups acting in the different fields of engineering and the closely connected natural sciences; to spread innovative engineering knowledge with special regard to inter- and multidisciplinary results in each field of engineering practice in order to promote economic and social welfare.

(3)     Further aims of HAE are to serve the Hungarian Republic and the nation in all fields connected to the development of techniques and technologies, being the basic instrument for social welfare; to act as a forum for collecting and exchanging information in the fields mentioned, to express its opinion, to advise the Government, the Executive Branch of the Government, the Parliament and other bodies when appropriate.

(4)     In order to fulfil the above mentioned aims, HAE organises programs, competitions, study tours and publishes various publications. To cover the expense of these activities, and to broadly support the culture of engineering and natural sciences, the HAE will establish a foundation.

 

3. §. Ordinary members

(1)     Any natural person of Hungarian nationality is permitted to be an ordinary member of HAE. An honorary member can be a natural person of foreign citizenship, but foreign citizens cannot be elected as officials of HAE. Further criteria for being nominated for membership are ;

   candidates must have a certificate which proves university level qualification in Engineering or in Natural Sciences (M.Eng. or M.Sc.),

   candidates must be fluent in the use of at least one foreign language,

   candidates must have produced work with an acknowledged result in at least one of the following fields :

a)    creative theoretical and/or practical engineering activities which significantly contributed to the engineering sciences, made noteworthy contributions to the field of engineering education or continuing education, are important contributions to engineering theory in a general sense,

b)    new technical and/or technological results with social importance or significant practical results achieved through previously known results or contributions to the development of engineering publications or education.

(2)     Two written recommendations are necessary for the nomination of a new member. One recommendation may come from a legal entity, which is not a member of HAE. Acceptance of new members is decided by a "membership council" (the Presidency + a Nominating Committee consisting of nine members selected by the General Assembly and three members selected by the Presidency) by secret ballot. A candidate is accepted by a minimum of 51 % support of the membership council. Nominees may be interviewed by the Presidency. Nominees may be decided against by the decision of the membership council to the General Assembly. A nomination which is refused may be resubmitted in subsequent years. In accepting new members HAE attempts to admit representatives from all fields of engineering.

(3)     The number of members is limited to 200 - 300 people at any one time, members with foreign citizenship are not included.

(4)     Termination of membership occurs by exclusion or by death.

(5)     A member can be excluded if :

a)  he/she fails to observe the Constitution or regulations of HAE.

b) with his/her behaviour he/she obviously endangers the aims and purposes, interest or prestige of HAE.

(6)     Exclusion of members is decided by the Presidency, taking into consideration the viewpoint of the Disciplinary and Ethics Committee.

(7)     The members must pay a membership-fee. Foreign members pay this membership fee in the currency of the country where they have their permanent residence. The amount of the membership fee is determined by the Presidency.

 

4. §. Honorary members

(1)     An honorary member of HAE can be any Hungarian or foreign citizen who is nominated by the General Assembly.

(2)     An honorary member receives a certificate attesting his/her membership.

(3)     An honorary member may win any prize awarded by the HAE foundation.

(4)     An honorary member takes part in the General Assembly and is entitled to vote.

(5)     Honorary membership can come to an end only on the suggestion of the Presidency after a decision of the General Assembly.

 

5. §. The organization of the HAE, the executive and representative bodies.

(1)     The organization of HAE

a) General Assembly

b) The Presidency (With a maximum of 11 members: President, two Vice Presidents, General-Secretary and minimum five and maximum seven further selected members.)

c) President and Honorary President

d)          Two Vice Presidents

e) General Secretary

f)  Interior Secretary

g) Foreign Secretary

h) Spokesperson

i)  Control Committee  (one President, two members, two supplementary members)

j)   Disciplinary and Ethics Committee  (one President, two members and two supplementary members)

k) Treasurer

l)  Nominating Committee nine members (including the President), selected by the General Assembly and three members nominated by the Presidency.

(2)     The persons mentioned above in points f - l have the right to attend presidential meetings with the right to address the Presidency.

(3)     The supreme body of HAE is the General Assembly, which must be held every third year. Re-election of officials occurs in every third year. An extraordinary General Assembly must be held if this is demanded by 33 % of the members in written form. An extraordinary General Assembly may be convened by the Presidency. The General Assembly is capable of making a decision when at least 50 % of the members + one are present at a session convened according to the rules. The General Assembly adopts resolutions or makes decisions by a simple majority.

 

The exclusive powers of the General Assembly are :
          to create and alter the Constitution of HAE,
          to decide on middle and long term aims and tasks,
          to elect the officials and the members of the Presidency by secret ballot,
          to elect and exclude persons mentioned in 5.§. (1) from (i-l),
          to decide on acceptance of new members following an appeal.

(4)     If the General Assembly convened according to the rules is not capable of making decisions for lack of quorum, the Assembly may be reconvened in 30 days with the same agenda, and may then make these decisions irrespective of the number of members present.

(5)     Between two meetings of the General Assembly, its powers  -  except its exclusive ones  -  are exercised by the Presidency, which has to convene at least twice annually. The acceptance of the annual budget, the ratification and alteration of the regulations of the HAE as well as the admission or exclusion fall within the jurisdiction of the Presidency.

(6)     Between two presidential meetings its power is exercised by the President in the scope and manner determined in the Regulations. If the President is unable to fulfil this role, or in urgent situations, the General Secretary or the Vice Presidents may perform this function.

(7)     The right to represent the HAE according to the Code of Civil Procedure is held by the President individually and by the Vice Presidents, the General Secretary and the Secretary as determined in the working regulations of HAE.

(8)     A certificate signed by the President and the General Secretary which proves membership is awarded to each member.

(9)     Rights of using titles : A member is entitled to use the name and crest of HAE in connection with his/her membership and elected functions. Honorary titles can be awarded to meritorious foreign citizens by the General Assembly.

(10)   Officers who are not re-elected are entitled to use their title in the next election period  with the adjunctive "former", and they have the right to take part in the meetings of their previous committee with freedom of speech.

6. §. Financial matters

(1)     The HAE is managed in accordance with relevant regulations valid for social organizations.

(2)     The Presidency decides on accepting support from foundations and from the Government in order to fulfil its aims.

7. §. Amendment of the Constitution

(1)     The General Assembly has the exclusive right to amend the Constitution. To make such a decision, a 2/3 majority is necessary.

(2)     The Constitution was accepted unanimously by the statutory meeting of HAE on January 29, 1990; and altered in the relation of 2.§.(1), (3); 3.§.(7); 5.§.(3), (10) and 7.§.(2) by the second General Assembly on November 7-8, 1996;  in the relation of 1.§.(3), (4), (5) by the Extraordinary General Assembly on June 12, 1997, in the relation of 3.§.(2); 5.§.(1/b), (3), (10) by the Extraordinary General Assembly on June 5, 2002, and in the relation of 1.§(4) by the Extraordinary general assembly on March 20, 2007.

It has been registered under No. 1260 at Budapest Capital Law-Court in the list of social corporations.

Budapest, March 2007

*At present : act II. of 1989 Association Law